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Now that you have learned about 15 of the more common financial ratios, we want you to experience calculating them by using the amounts in a corporation's financial statements. This will deepen your understanding and will help your retention for future use.
The financial ratios to be calculated are arranged in the same order as they were discussed above:
 Financial ratios using amounts from the balance sheet
 Financial ratios using amounts from the income statement
 Financial ratios using amounts from the balance sheet and income statement
 Financial ratio using amounts from the statement of cash flows
Calculating the Ratios Using Amounts from the Balance Sheet
You will be using the following balance sheet to calculate the first group of financial ratios:
Calculations of Working Capital, Current Ratio, and Quick Ratio
Use the amounts in Example Corporation's balance sheet (above) to calculate the following financial ratios:

Working capital as of December 31, 2021: $____________

Current ratio as of December 31, 2021: ______: 1

Quick ratio as of December 31, 2021: ______: 1
You can check your answers using the following table:
Calculations of Debt to Equity and Debt to Total Assets Ratios
Continue using the amounts in Example Corporation's balance sheet to compute these two financial ratios:

Debt to equity ratio as of December 31, 2021: __________

Debt to total assets ratio as of December 31, 2021: _________
You can check your answers using the following table:
Calculating the Ratios Using Amounts from the Income Statement
The following income statement for Example Corporation should be used to calculate the four financial ratios which appear beneath it:
Calculations of Gross Margin, Profit Margin, Earnings Per Share, and Times Interest Earned
Use the amounts in Example Corporation's income statement (above) to compute these financial ratios:

Gross margin for the year ended December 31, 2021: __________

Profit margin for the year ended December 31, 2021: __________

Earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 2021: ________

Times interest earned for the year ended December 31, 2021: ________
You can check your answers using the following table:
Calculating the Ratios Using an Amount from the Balance Sheet and the Income Statement
Financial ratios such as the "turnover" ratios and the "return on" ratios will need 1) an amount from the annual income statement, and 2) an average balance sheet amount.
An average balance sheet amount is needed since the balance sheet reports the amount for only the final moment of the accounting year. For the required calculations that follow, we indicate the average balance sheet amount.
Calculations of the Ratios: Receivables Turnover, Day's Sales in Receivables, Inventory Turnover, Days' Sales in Inventory, Return on Stockholders' Equity
Calculate the following ratios using Example Corporation's income statement and
our calculated average balance sheet amounts
* which are included in the following questions:

Receivables turnover ratio for the year 2021 assuming the average* accounts receivable balance during the year was computed to be $42,000: __________

Days' sales in receivables (average collection period) for the year 2021: __________

Inventory turnover ratio for the year 2021 assuming that the average* inventory balance during the year was computed to be $30,000: _________

Days' sales in inventory (days to sell) for the year 2021: _________

Return on stockholders' equity for the year 2021 assuming that the average* stockholders' equity balance during the year was computed to be $278,000: _________
*We are providing the average balance sheet amounts based on the corporation's internal records for all days in 2021. Using only the balance sheet amount from the final moment of 2021 (or the average of the final moment of 2020 and 2021) may not be typical of the balance sheet amount for all 365 days in the year.
You can check your answers using the following table:
Calculating a Ratio Using Amounts from the Statement of Cash Flows
Use the following statement of cash flows (SCF) for the related ratio calculation appearing after the SCF:
Calculation of Free Cash Flow
Using Example Corporation's statement of cash flows (above), the amount of the corporation's free cash flow for the year 2021 was ________________.
You can check your answer using the following table:
Take Our Practice Quiz
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Please Note...
You should consider our materials to be an introduction to selected accounting and bookkeeping topics, and realize that some complexities (including differences between financial statement reporting and income tax reporting) are not presented. Therefore, always consult with accounting and tax professionals for assistance with your specific circumstances.